WHAT IS A PLANTAR WART?
Plantar wart is a particularly contagious virus and is easily transmitted. These skin lesions are the result of an infection of the skin with the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the most common bacterial infection of the skin. This human papillomavirus viral infection only infects the superficial layer of the skin, called the epidermis, and thus can reach any surface of the feet and even lead to auto-inoculation (self-infection). The progression of the plantar wart causes a rapid increase in localized thickened callus that can form a painful area if subjected to pressure or friction. The pain felt under the plantar layer may result in an antalgic or abnormal gait, which extends into postural pain.
Plantar warts occur on the sole of the foot or on the toes. They are usually flat and hard and can be very painful. Plantar warts are sometimes mistaken for corns or calluses, but they are caused by a virus.
Plantar warts are mainly contracted in warm, moist environments, such as swimming pools and locker rooms. In some cases, they disappear on their own, but they can also last for years. Plantar warts can also reappear spontaneously. If left untreated, plantar warts can spread or accumulate. It is recommended to treat them as soon as you detect them.
HOW TO BEST DIAGNOSE PLANTAR WARTS
Only specialists can diagnose plantar warts: the family doctor, the dermatologist and the podiatrist. In traditional medicine, warts are diagnosed by pathognomonic or “typical” clues with observation with the naked eye. However, at the Pied Outaouais Foot Care Clinic, we are equipped with a dermatoscope, a polarized microscope, to make a more precise diagnosis and offer a more effective and adapted treatment for the patient.
WHAT ARE THE MAIN FACTORS OF CONTAMINATION?
– Walking barefoot in public places
– Dermatitis of the skin (eczematous skin) or skin lesions caused by trauma
– Profuse sweating of the feet
– Weakening of the immune system. This can be caused by disease (cancer, HIV infection, etc.) or by medications (especially immunosuppressants). In fact, warts are usually more difficult to treat in these people.
PODIATRIC TREATMENT SOLUTION FOR PLANTAR WART
At the Pied Outaouais Podiatric Care Clinic, we favour pharmacological treatments for a quick and efficient result. Foot hygiene advice is essential to avoid the recurrence of these contagious skin lesions.
We develop a treatment plan based on:
– our clinical observations
– the length of time the disease has been present
– the size and extent of the plantar surface
– previous treatments used
– the age of the patient (child or adult)
– underlying pathologies